National Panchayati Raj Day 2023 History, Significance, Theme, Quotes –Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated every year on 24 April. This day is commemorated to celebrate the decentralization of power bodies at the village level. On this day we make effort and resolve to give more power to village-level bodies. It was the dream of Mahatma Gandhi to govern the new India from villages. He believed that the soul of India resides in its villages. Also, it is the oldest method of governing in the Indian subcontinent since the Vedic period.
National Panchayati Raj Day 2023
National Panchayati Raj Day 2023 – Panchayat means assembly (“Ayat”) of five people (“Panch”). It is the type of governing system that is found in the tales of Rig-Veda. It was a system that was found in Indian Subcontinent (India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka). Throughout the history of the Indian Subcontinent, this governing system was practiced on and off. Before Muslim Invasions of the country were started, Local rulers used this governing system to handle small disputes and revenue collection.
The village body had powers to tackle issues at the local level and pass judgments. It also collected tax on the behalf of the king from the villagers. It also worked for the welfare of the community. It was a very effective system of governing system with little chance of exploitation which came under British rule.
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The Muslim occupation of India under several regimes like the Gulam Dynasties and the Mughal Dynasty did not have much to say. Under British Rule, they made next to little effort to revive the system and they had no serious intentions of doing so. British Rule wanted control only at the administrative level and wanted to have nothing to do with villages that were and still are the soul of India.
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Once they realized that they passed some acts to implement ruling at the village level. These Acts were also with of sole intention of collecting more taxes since it was facing financial problems. That’s how Zamidars came into the picture and they also started exploiting this system only to make them richer.
National Panchayati Raj Day 2023 Teme And Celebrations
There is no theme decided for the National Panchayati Raj Day 2023 celebration. Every year, in every village panchayat many functions, seminars, and events take place. But this year, the government has decided to hold award functions that will recognize the best work panchayats in the country. Below are the categories lists in which government will give awards.
- Deen Dayal Upadhyay Panchayat Sashaktikaran Purushkar
- Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Pushkar
- Child-friendly Panchayat Award
- Gram Panchayat Development Plan Award
- e-Panchayat Puraskar
National Panchayati Raj Day 2023 History
After the independence in 1957, a 3 personal committee was appointed under the leadership of Balwant Rai Mehta to reform the Panchayati Raj Governance. It submitted its report in 1958 and the reforms came into effect in 1959. The recommendations of the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee were slightly different from what Mahatma Gandhi had in mind.
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In 1992 under the 73rd amendment Panchayati Raj Act was implemented and came into effect on 24 April 1993. It decentralized the power into 3 tier system where Gram Sabha was at the lowest level and was given the most power. The 3-tier system divides power among 6 lakh villages which are divided among more than 6 thousand blocks and more than 700 districts. At the village level, it is called Gram Panchayat and at the block level, it is called Panchayat Samitee and at the district level, it is called Zila Parishad.
National Panchayati Raj Day 2023 Quotes
Panchayati Raj Day is the celebration of decentralization of power in India which was aimed to give powers to the hands of someone who is affected directly by the power. It does make sense to give powers to people in democratic institutions where they have a higher chance of making the best policies for themselves.
“When the panchayat raj is established, public opinion will do what violence can never do” – Mahatma Gandhi.
“Through all-around progress & grassroots level participation, our Govt is working towards making ‘Gram Uday Se Bharat Uday’ a reality” – Narendra Modi.
“The voice of the people may be said to be God’s voice, the voice of the Panchayat,” Mahatma Gandhi.
आप लोग क्या हार में क्या जीत में भयभीत मत हो, हम तो कर्तव्य पथ पर जो भी मिला
वो भी सही और यह भी सही..वरदान नहीं मांगूंगा लेकिन हार कभी नहीं मानूँगा
जनता लिए तो पहले भी आप सर पंच था ओर आज भी सर पंच है आगे भी रहेगा
प्रधान चुने, गिरगिट नही
जो हर समय रंग बदले